|The Chinese Republic formally excisted from 1912 to 1949. It was founded after the Xinghai revolution which followed the Wuchang uprising on October 10th, 1911 and is considered the follow up state of China under the Qing dynasty. When the Chinese communist party after the Chinese civil war took over power on the Chinese mainland as People Republic of China, the Republic of China created a new state on Taiwan.
On WW2Awards the Republic of China is being used for the persons that held the Chinese nationality during World War Two and for decorations that were instituted by the Government of the Republic of China between 1919 and 1949. Decorations instituted by the Communist Party and the People's Republic of China can be found on the page of the People's Republic of China. Decorations instituted by the Chinese Republic and Taiwan after 1949 can be found on the page of Taiwan.
In the early 1930’s Japan came more and more under the influence of ultra-nationalistic, expansionist military. This led to the Japanese invasion of Manchuria, where the Japanese installed the puppet regime of Mantsjoekwo, and to the Second Sino-Japanese War, that finally resulted in the Second World War. The fighting’s between Japan and China started in 1931 with the invasion of Machuria (September 19th 1931) and went on until 1945. Beceause both lands were at war with one another, a period that encloses the Second World War, on this website we describe Chinese decorations awarded or instituted between the Japanese invasion of Manchuria and the surrender of the Japanese Empire in August 1945 and those awarded later with a certain connection to the Second World War.