PERSONALIA
 
Name:  Trapnell, Thomas John Hall "Trap" (Service number: 0-16782)
Date of birth: November 23rd, 1902 (Yonkers/New York, United States)
Date of death:  February 13th, 2002 (Ft. Belvoir/Virginia, United States)
Buried on:  United States Military Academy Post Cemetery
Nationality:  American
 
BIOGRAPHY: 
Military career:
1927: 2nd Lieutenant (gratuated)
1937: Captain
1939: Phillipine Scouts
?: Major
April 1942-1945: POW, Bataan survivor
?: Lieutenant Colonel
?: Colonel
1951: General (187th Airborne Regimental Combat Team)
1952-1954: Chief of the U.S. Military Mission to Vietnam
1962: Retired (3rd U.S. Army, Ft. McPherson in Georgia)
     
DISTINGUISHED SERVICE CROSS (DSC)
Rank: Major
Unit: 26th Cavalry Regiment, Philippine Scouts, U.S. Army
Awarded on: January 1942
Action: The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Major (Cavalry) Thomas John Hall Trapnell (ASN: 0-16782), United States Army, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Commanding Officer of the 26th Cavalry Regiment, Philippine Scouts, in action against enemy forces while the U.S. Cavalry engaged in rear guard action on 22 December 1941, in the Philippine Islands. During a concentration of enemy fire from tanks and infantry, Major Trapnell remained between the hostile forces and his own troops and set on fire a truck on a bridge somewhere in Launion Province. Then he waited calmly until the bridge had burned before leaving in a scout car to rejoin his troops. Major Trapnell's intrepid actions, personal bravery and zealous devotion to duty exemplify the highest traditions of the military forces of the United States and reflect great credit upon himself and the United States Army.
Details: Headquarters, U.S. Army Forces in the Far East, General Orders No. 11
 
     
SILVER STAR MEDAL (SSM)
Rank: Major
Unit: 26th Cavalry Regiment, Philippine Scouts, U.S. Army
Awarded on: 1942
Action: Major (Cavalry) Thomas John Hall Trapnell (ASN: 0-16782), United States Army, was awarded the Silver Star for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in connection with military operations against the enemy while serving with the 26th Cavalry Regiment, Philippine Scouts, during World War II.
Details: Volume 4: PC1, General Orders No. 11
 
     
DISTINGUISHED SERVICE MEDAL (DSM)
Rank: Lieutenant General
Awarded on: December 14th, 1962
Action: The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Lieutenant General Thomas John Hall Trapnell (ASN: 0-16782), United States Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service in a position of great responsibility to the Government of the United States, during the period July 1954 to November 1962.
Details: Department of the Army, General Orders No. 67
 
     
SILVER STAR MEDAL (SSM)
Rank: Major
Unit: 26th Cavalry Regiment, Philippine Scouts, U.S. Army
Action: Major (Cavalry) Thomas John Hall Trapnell (ASN: 0-16782), United States Army, was awarded a Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Second Award of the Silver Star for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in connection with military operations against the enemy while serving with the 26th Cavalry Regiment, Philippine Scouts, during World War II.
Details: 2nd SSM received as Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster
 
     
LEGION OF MERIT - US MILITARY
Rank: Major
Unit: 26th Cavalry Regiment, Philippine Scouts, U.S. Army
Action: Major (Cavalry) Thomas John Hall Trapnell (ASN: 0-16782), United States Army, was awarded the Legion of Merit for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services to the Government of the United States while serving as Executive Officer and later as Commanding Officer, 26th Cavalry Regiment, Philippine Scouts, during World War II.
 
     
LEGION OF MERIT - US MILITARY
Rank: Brigadier General
Unit: 187th Airborne Regimental Combat Team, U.S. Army
Action: Brigadier General Thomas John Hall Trapnell (ASN: 0-16782), United States Army, was awarded a Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Second Award of the Legion of Merit for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services to the Government of the United States as Commanding General, 187th Airborne Regimental Combat Team, in Korea, from 1951 to 1952.
Details: Commanding General; 2nd LoM received as Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster.
 
     
LEGION OF MERIT - US MILITARY
Details: 3rd LoM received as Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster
 
     
PRISONER OF WAR MEDAL
Rank: Major
Unit: 26th Cavalry Regiment, Philippine Scouts, U.S. Army
Action: Major (Cavalry) Thomas John Hall Trapnell (ASN: 0-16782), United States Army, was captured by the Japanese after the fall the Philippine Islands in 1942, and was held as a Prisoner of War until his return to U.S. Military control in 1945.
 
     
BRONZE STAR MEDAL (BSM)
Details: With "V device"
 
     
PURPLE HEART
 
     
ASIATIC-PACIFIC CAMPAIGN MEDAL
 
     
WORLD WAR TWO VICTORY MEDAL
 
     
US ARMY PARACHUTE BADGE
 

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  Provide alterations or additional information
Picture source:   - Wikimedia Commons
Information source(s):   - Valor awards for Thomas John Hall Trapnell
- Thomas Trapnell, 99; Bataan Hero, Military Advisor - latimes
- NYT 19420122 Battle of Bataan
- Philippine Scouts Newsletter Fall 2000
- Guest of the Emperor
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