PERSONALIA
 
Name:  Crowe, Henry Pierson "Jim"
Date of birth: 1899
Date of death:  1991
Nationality:  American
     
SILVER STAR MEDAL (SSM)
Rank: Captain
Unit: 8th Marine Regiment, 2nd Marine Division, U.S. Marine Corps
Action: Received the Silver Star for his actions on Guadalcanal.
Details: Citation unavailable.
 
     
NAVY CROSS
Rank: Major
Unit: 2nd Battalion, 8th Marine Regiment, 2nd Marine Division, U.S. Marine Corps (2nd Battalion, 8th Marine Regiment, 2nd Marine Division, U.S. Marine Corps)
Action: The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Henry Pierson Crowe (0-5028), Major, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service while serving as Commanding Officer of the Second Battalion, Eighth Marines, Second Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Betio Island, Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands, from 20 to 22 November 1943. Courageously leading his Battalion ashore in the face of savage enemy resistance, Major Crowe maintained continuous aggressive pressure for three days from the limited beachhead established by his command in the midst of Japanese emplacements and strongholds. Constantly exposing himself to hostile fire and working without rest, he effectively coordinated the efforts of his own hard-pressed Battalion, attached units and subsequent reinforcement, directing their combined attacks skillfully and with unwavering determination, and succeeded in overcoming one of the most heavily defended Japanese centers of resistance on Tarawa Atoll. Major Crowe's inspiring leadership, brilliant tactical ability and indomitable fighting spirit under extremely perilous conditions reflect great credit upon himself, his valiant command and the United States Naval Service.
 
     
DISTINGUISHED SERVICE CROSS (DSC)
Rank: Major
Unit: Commanding Officer 2nd Battalion, 8th Marine Regiment, 2nd Marine Division, U.S. Marine Corps
 
     
PURPLE HEART
Rank: Lieutenant Colonel (Lieutenant-colonel)
Unit: Commanding Officer 2nd Battalion, 8th Marine Regiment, 2nd Marine Division, U.S. Marine Corps
 
     
GOOD CONDUCT MEDAL - MARINE CORPS
 
 
 
  Provide alterations or additional information
Information source(s):   - Recipients of The Navy Cross, 1916 - Present, by C. Douglas Sterner
- Hammel, E. & Lane, J.E., Bloody Tarawa The 2nd Marine Division, November 20-23, 1943, Zenith Press, St. Paul, USA, 2006
- WW2 Gyrene .org
- Tarawa on the web.org
- Homeofheroes.com
- Civilian Marksmanship Program
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