PERSONALIA
 
Name:  Archer, Ernest Leonard (Service number: 78735, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve)
Date of birth: Unknown
Nationality:  British
BIOGRAPHY: 
After the Second World War Ernest Leonard Archer also received the Civil Division to the Officer of the British Empire (OBE, June 14th, 1975).

Promotions:
?: Sergeant;
April 28th, 1940: Pilot Officer on probation;
April 28th, 1941: Pilot Officer;
April 28th, 1941: Flying Officer (war subs.);
January 14th, 1942: Flight Leitenant (war subs.);
?: acting Squadron Leader;
?: acting Wing Commander.
     
MENTIONED IN DESPATCHES
Rank: Flying Officer
Awarded on: September 24th, 1941
 
     
AIR FORCE CROSS
Rank: Acting Squadron Leader
Unit: 1526 BAT Flight
Awarded on: June 2nd, 1943
 
     
VLIEGERKRUIS (VK)
Rank: Acting Wing Commander
Unit: 296 Squadron, RAF (296 Squadron, RAF)
Awarded on: July 31st, 1945
Awarded for: Operation Market Garden
Action: Citation:
"Distinguished himself during the operations near Arnhem from September 17 to 25, 1944, by deeds of initiative, courage and perseverance and showing, in every respect, an uncommon devotion to duty and a great tenacity of purpose."
Details: 413th Award.
Royal Decree No.29, dated July 31st, 1945.
Award presented bij H.R.H. Prince bernhard of The Netherlands in The Netherlands House at 21 February 1946.
Permission to wear the decoration granted on January 1st, 1946.
 
     
DISTINGUISHED SERVICE ORDER (DSO)
Rank: Acting Wing Commander
Unit: No. 644 Squadron
Awarded on: August 17th, 1945
 
     
RIDDER IN DE LEOPOLDSORDE / CHEVALIER DE L'ORDRE DE LÉOPOLD
Rank: Acting Wing Commander
Awarded on: June 27th, 1947
Details: Permission to wear the decoration granted on June 27th, 1947.
 
     
CROIX DE GUERRE 1940
Rank: Acting Wing Commander
Awarded on: June 27th, 1947
Details: Received with palme.
Permission to wear the decoration granted on June 27th, 1947.
 
     
1939-1945 STAR
 
     
AIR CREW EUROPE STAR
Details: Received with "ATLANTIC" clasp.
 
     
DEFENCE MEDAL 1939-1945
 
     
WAR MEDAL 1939-1945
 
     
AIR EFFICIENCY AWARD (AE)
 
 
 
  Provide alterations or additional information
Information source(s):   - MEIJER, H.G. & VIS, R., Het Vliegerkruis, De Bataafsche Leeuw, Amsterdam, 1997.
- The London Gazette Issue 34849, dated 14th May 1940
- The London Gazette Issue 35171, dated 23rd May 1941
- Supplement to The London Gazette of 23rd September 1941, Issue 35284, dated 24th September 1941
- The London Gazette Issue 35508, dated 31st March 1942
- Supplement to The London Gazette of 28th May 1943, Issue 36033, dated 2nd June 1943
- Sixth Supplement to The London Gazette of 14th August 1945, Issue 37228, dated 17th August 1945
- Ninth Supplement to The London Gazette of 28th December 1945, Issue 37415, dated 1st January 1946
- Third Supplement to The London Gazette of 24th June 1947, Issue 37998, dated 27th June 1947
- Supplement to The London Gazette of 6th June 1975, Issue 46593, dated 14th June 1975
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