PERSONALIA
 
Name:  Anderson, Charles Groves Wright (Service number: NX12595)
Date of birth: February 12th, 1897 (Capetown/Newlands, South- Africa)
Date of death:  November 11th, 1988 (Redhill, Canberra, Australia)
Nationality:  Australian
BIOGRAPHY: 
Charles Anderson enlisted on 1st June 1940 in Paddington, New-South-Wales. He was discharged on 20th December 1945 with the highest reached rank of Lieutenant Colonel.

During the First World War he had already received the Military Cross (February 7th, 1919).
Charles Groves Wright Anderson's grave, Nonwood Crematorium, Canberra, Australia.

Promotions:
1914: Private;
1915: Gunner;
October 13th, 1916: Lieutenant;
1932: Captain;
October 26th, 1939: temporary Major;
July 25th, 1940: Major;
August 1st, 1941: acting Lieutenant Colonel;
November 14th, 1941: Lieutenant Colonel (as from August 1st, 1941).

Career:
1914: Kenya Defence Force;
1914 - 1918: 2/3rd King's African Rifles Regiment;
1915: Calcutta Volunteer Battalion;
February 1919: demobilized;
1932: Kenya Defence Force;
1934: Emigration Australia;
1939: Citizen Military Forces;
March 3rd, 1939: 56th Battalion, Riverina Regiment, Australian Military Forces;
October 1st, 1939 - October 14th, 1939: Company commander course, Command and Staff School, Sydney;
June 1st, 1940: 2nd Australian Imperial Force;
July 5th, 1940: 2/19th Battalion, Australian Imperial Force;
August 1st, 1941 - February 15th, 1942: Commanding Officer 2/19th Battalion;
January 7th, 1942: temporary inactive for medical reasons;
February 15th, 1942: POW, Malaysia, later escaped;
May 14th, 1942: A Force, Guerrilla;
May 27th, 1942: Birma;
August 20th, 1945: safe in Allied territory;
December 21st, 1945: Reserve of Officers;
1949 - 1951: House of Representatives;
1955 - 1961: House of Representatives.
     
VICTORIA CROSS (VC)
Rank: Lieutenant Colonel
Unit: 2/19th Infantry Battalion, Australian Military Forces
Awarded on: February 13th, 1942
Action: During the operations in Malaya from the 18th to 22nd January 1942, Lieutenant-colonel Anderson, in command of a small force, was sent to restore a vital position and to assist a brigade. His force destroyed ten enemy tanks. When later cut off, he defeated persistent attacks on his position from air and ground forces, and forced his way through the enemy lines to a depth of fifteen miles. He was again surrounded and subjected to heavy and frequent attacks resulting in severe casualties to his force. He personally led an attack with great gallantry on the enemy who were holding a bridge and succeeded in destroying four guns. Lieutenant-colonel Anderson, throughout all this fighting, protected his wounded and refused to leave them.
He obtained news by wireless of the enemy position and attempted to fight his way back through eight miles of enemy occupied country. This proved to be impossible and the enemy were holding too strong a position for any attempt to be made to relieve him.
On the 19th of January, Lieutenant-colonel Anderson was ordered to destroy his equipment and make his way back as best as he could round the enemy position.
Throughout the fighting, which lasted for four days, he set a magnificent example of brave leadership, determination and outstanding courage. He not only showed fighting qualities of a very high order but throughout exposed himself to danger without any regard to his own personal safety.
Details: Published in The London Gazette dated 13th February 1942.
The award was presented on 8th January 1947 in Sydney.
Lieutenant Colonel Andersonís Victoria Cross is publicly displayed at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra, Australia.
 
     
1939-1945 STAR
 
     
PACIFIC STAR
 
     
WAR MEDAL 1939-1945
 
     
SERVICE MEDAL 1939-1945
 
 
 
  Provide alterations or additional information
Picture source:   - Wilco Vermeer/Public domain
Information source(s):   - Victoria Cross Reference
- The Register of the Victoria Cross - published by This Engeland 1997 - ISBN 0906324270
- World War 2 Nominal Roll
- Special thanks to Iain Stewart from The History of the Victoria Cross
This website is an initiative of STIWOT. All rights reserved © 2002-2014. Privacy statement, cookies, disclaimer and copyright.
Other projects of STIWOT are: Go2War2.com, TracesOfWar.com, WO2Actueel.nl, Oorlogsmusea.nl, STIWOT Forum, STIWOT Reizen and Tweede-Wereldoorlog.nl.
Webhosting by Vevida.